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Grammaire française - French Grammar
LES ARTICLES

 

INDEFINITE ARTICLE

  MASCULINE FEMININE
SINGULAR un livre
(a book)
une maison
(a house)
PLURAL des livres
(books)
des maisons
(houses)

Il a acheté un livre.
He has bought a book.

Il y a des livres sur la table.
There are books on the table.

Il habite dans une maison.
He lives in a house.

Il y a des maisons très grandes ici.
There are very big houses here.

 

DEFINITE ARTICLE

  MASCULINE FEMININE
SINGULAR le livre
(the book)
la maison
(the house)
PLURAL les livres
(the books)
les maisons
(the houses)

Le livre est sur la table.
The book is on the table.

Les livres sont sur la table.
The books are on the table.

La maison est très jolie.
The house is very beautiful.

Les maisons dans cette région sont très grandes.
The houses in this region are very big.

 

CONTRACTIONS WITH PREPOSITIONS à / de

 

PARTITIVE ARTICLE

MASCULINE
+consonant
FEMININE
+consonant
MASCULINE / FEMENINE
+vowel
du pain
(bread)
de la bière
(beer)
de l'or
(gold)
de l'eau
(water)

Louise a acheté du pain.
Louise has bought bread.

Jean préfère de la bière.
Jean prefers beer.

Les pirates ont trouvé de l'or dans l'île.
The pirates have found gold on the island.

Il commande toujours de l'eau au restaurant.
He always orders water in the restaurant.

 

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